Saturday, March 17, 2007

Edge Separator vs. Vertex Separator

An edge separator is a subset of the graph's edges whose removal from the graph makes the graph disconnected. Defferent weakness measures of the edge separator lead to different ways of graph partitioning or clustering, such as normalized cuts, conductance, edge betweenness, modularity, and relative neighborhoods. However, regardless of the weakness measure used, edge separators sometimes fail to capture the cohesion of graphs, especially in the presence of overlapping clusters. While the existence of a weak edge separator in a graph is sufficient to make the graph noncohesive, it is not a necessary condition.

A vertex separator is a subset of the graph's nodes whose removal leaves the graph disconnected. Note that sparse vertex separators subsume weak edge separators: if the graph has a weak edge separator, then it must also have a sparse vertex separator, but the converse is not true.

--- Ziv Bar-Yossef, Ido Guy, Ronny Lempel, Yoelle S. Maarek and Vladimir Soroka, Cluster Ranking with an Application to Mining Mailbox Networks, Proceedings of the 6th IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM), pp. 63--74, Hong Kong, China, 2006.

No comments: