Friday, October 31, 2008

Six Sigma

The well-known management concept six sigma actually comes from the empirical rule that if one has six standard deviations (sigma) between the mean of a process and the nearest specification limit in a short-term study, there will be practically no items that fail to meet the specifications (i.e., 3.4 defective parts per million opportunities, corresponding to 4.5 sigma) in the long-term, assuming that the process is normally distributed.

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